what Is S.Typhi IgG/IgM Card 40T
The S.Typhi IgG/IgM Card 40T refers to a diagnostic test kit used to detect antibodies against Salmonella typhi, the bacteria that causes typhoid fever. This card-based test is designed to identify both IgG and IgM antibodies in a patient’s blood sample.
The test kit typically contains 40 individual test cards, and each card is used for a single patient sample. The cards are coated with specific antigens derived from S. typhi, which are capable of binding to the corresponding antibodies present in the patient’s blood.
IgM antibodies are the first antibodies produced by the immune system in response to a recent infection, while IgG antibodies are generated later during the infection or as a result of previous exposure to the bacteria.
To perform the S.Typhi IgG/IgM Card test, a small amount of the patient’s blood is collected and added to a well on the card. The blood sample is then mixed with a diluent or buffer solution provided in the kit. If the patient’s blood contains IgG or IgM antibodies against S. typhi, a visible colored line will appear on the card, indicating a positive result.
The presence of IgM antibodies suggests a recent or ongoing infection, while the presence of IgG antibodies indicates a past infection or previous exposure to S. typhi. The combination of IgG and IgM results can provide valuable information for diagnosing typhoid fever and monitoring the immune response to the infection.
Important to note
It’s important to note that this test is typically used as a preliminary screening tool and should be followed up with further confirmatory tests, such as blood culture or PCR (polymerase chain reaction) tests, for definitive diagnosis.
The S.Typhi IgG/IgM Card 40T is a rapid and convenient diagnostic tool that can aid healthcare professionals in identifying individuals with a possible typhoid fever infection, allowing for timely treatment and appropriate management of the disease.
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